An index of most national-level heads of state and heads of government in world governments that is publicly maintained by the CIA.
This dataset makes the "chief of state", as labeled here, and head of government, available for all countries in the World Factbook which have such roles.
Where a monarch has a local representative of e.g. an ex-colony, both the monarch and any local representatives are generally included.
The World Factbook source pages contain much more narrative about each country. From the website:
The World Factbook provides basic intelligence on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, environment, communications, transportation, military, terrorism, and transnational issues for 266 world entities.
|Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (United States)
|in Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) · OpenSanctions Default
|www.cia.gov · JSON
|· updated daily
Downloads contain the full set of entities contained in this dataset. You can fetch a simplified tabular form, or detailed, structured data in JSON format. Updated files will be provided once a day at the same location.
|Target names text file
|Senzing entity format
|Targets as nested JSON
|Targets as simplified CSV
You can query the data in this dataset via the application programming interface (API) endpoints below. Please read the introduction for documentation and terms of service.
|Use the Reconciliation API in OpenRefine:
|For full-text search, use the
|For entity matching, use the
The following targeted entities have been added to this data source most recently:
|British Virgin Islands
|General Abdourahame TIANI
|Congo - Kinshasa
|Congo - Kinshasa
|Ahmad Awad Bin MUBAREK
|Sultan IBRAHIM ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar
|Muhammed B.S. JALLOW