Information about politically-exposed persons is organized by when an individual held a position imbued with political power, and the significance associated with that position. You can use this to develop a detailed understanding of a customer or the target of an investigation.
We progressively classify more and more positions according to our taxonomy of role type and the scope of their jurisdiction. This can be used to implement more detailed risk policies, or provide additional information when manually inspecting a customer's PEP classification.
Newly-detected PEPs and positions are immediately included in our dataset for completeness, but due to the changing nature of the data, the detailed classification takes place as an additional step and is not immediately available.
See our detailed PEP classification taxonomy.
People are considered PEPs if they currently occupy, or have previously occupied, any of the positions that can be placed under the categories below. How long they are considered a PEP after leaving the position is dependent on the nature of the position and the quality of the data available.
OpenSanctions considers people in the following non-exhaustive list PEPs, prioritising our coverage of the data as follows:
|Key PEP categories
|National head of government, head of state (President, Prime minister, Queen)
|National court judges, prosecutors
|Security and intelligence services including militaty, police
|Central Bank leadership
|Intergovernmental organizations senior leadership, legislators
|Regional/sub-national head of government (Governor, Premier)
|Regional/sub-national court judges
|State-owned enterprises, public entities, agencies reporting to national government
|Political party leadership
|Local head of government (Mayor)
|Local executive (e.g. Mayoral committee member)
Given sufficient information from the source, we consider position-holders PEPs for the following durations after they have left the position:
If an end date is not available, we apply the following process
The Occupancy entity's
status property reflects the decision from the above rules:
current means the data indicates they currently occupy the position.
ended means they do not occupy the position any more, but are still within the period in which we consider them a PEP
unknown means neither
ended could be applied, but they are still considered a PEP according to the remaining rules and the available data.
See more on how PEP position details are represented in the data.
Position classifications are added as soon as possible. As new data is automatically imported, new positions may be created but not yet fully classified. They are included for completeness, and further details will be introduced as the data is reviewed by our team. Do not assume that complete position classification topics are always available.
If you want to monitor specific types of positions using OpenSanctions data, we recommend removing unneeded positions (and their position-holders) based on classification
topics that disqualify them. In this way, cases where positions are added but are not yet classified will be included in your matches, rather than being ignored because they do not yet match your search criteria.
For example, if your risk policy requires considering national government but not local government, ignore any positions with the
gov.muni topic. Do not rely on only including positions with the
gov.national topic. If new positions are added to the dataset, e.g. a government creates a new ministry and the position is automatically included in our dataset but is not yet classified with the
gov.executive topics, they will still be included.